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Excellence and Precedence: Medieval Islamic Discourse on Legitimate Leadership (Islamic History and Civilization)
This volume focuses on how legitimate leadership came to be defined in the formative period of Islam in terms of two key Qur'anic concepts: moral excellence ("fadl/fadila") and precedence ("sabiqa"). These two concepts undergirded a specific discourse on leadership which developed in the first century of Islam. This discourse is reconstructed through...
This volume focuses on how legitimate leadership came to be defined in the formative period of Islam in terms of two key Qur'anic concepts: moral excellence ("fadl/fadila") and precedence ("sabiqa"). These two concepts undergirded a specific discourse on leadership which developed in the first century of Islam. This discourse is reconstructed through careful scrutiny of the "manaqib" literature in particular, which contains detailed accounts of the excellences attributed to the Rashidun caliphs. This work stresses that all early factions, including the proto-Shi'a, subscribed to the Qur'anically-mandated vision of a righteous polity guided by its most morally excellent members. Such a conclusion forces us to rethink the nature of leadership in the earliest period and reconsider the criteria invoked to establish its legitimacy.
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