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Sudden oak death and Phytophthora ramorum: a summary of the literature
Original publisher: [Albany, Calif.] : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, 2010. OCLC Number: (OCoLC)695036471 Subject: Sudden oak death -- Bibliography. Excerpt: ... Sudden Oak Death and Phythophthora ramorum: A Summary of the Literature - 2010 Edition limited distribution, being isolated to date from only a...
Original publisher: [Albany, Calif.] : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, 2010. OCLC Number: (OCoLC)695036471 Subject: Sudden oak death -- Bibliography. Excerpt: ... Sudden Oak Death and Phythophthora ramorum: A Summary of the Literature - 2010 Edition limited distribution, being isolated to date from only a few nurseries in California and Washington State ( Ivors and others 2006b ). The NA2 lineage is distinctly different from EU1 and NA1; it behaves phenotypically like EU1 isolates but has a unique mitochondrial and microsatellite genotype. A Web site ( http: / / people. oregonstate.edu / ~ grunwaln / index.htm ) hosted by Oregon State University provides information on multilocus microsatellite genotypes of P. ramorum currently found in North America. All three lineages have occurred in U.S. nurseries, emphasizing the role of commercial plant trade in the movement of P. ramorum. Although sexual reproduc-tion in nature has not been observed, the presence of isolates of both mating types at a single site might lead to genetic recombination, which could lead to an increase in pathogen fitness and host range. In addition to differing in mating type, the clonal lineages differ in growth rate and colony type ( Brasier 2003b, Brasier and others 2006b, Werres and Kaminski 2005 ), aggressiveness ( Brasier 2003b ), nucleotide sequences in conserved genes ( mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 ) ( Kroon and others 2004 ), and genetic diversity ( Ivors and others 2004, 2006b ). Isolates from the EU1 lineage are, on average, significantly more aggressive than isolates of the NA1 lineage isolates on Quercus rubra L. ( Brasier 2003b, Brasier and others 2006b ). EU1 isolates were more pathogenic than NA1 isolates on rhododendron ( Pogoda and Werres 2002 ). Manter and others ( 2010 ) demonstrated that isolates belonging to clonal lineages EU1 and NA2 are generally more virulent, produce more sporangia, and produce more Ram...
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