We strive to deliver the best value to our customers and ensure complete satisfaction for all our textbook rentals.
You can return your online books for any reason within our refund period – no questions asked.
Every order is available for express shipping, and return shipping is always free.
You'll be happy with the quality of your books (or we'll ship you another one on our dime).
You can extend your rental at any time – at the same cheap daily rental rate.
If you decide to keep the book it will never cost more than the purchase price.
As always, you have access to over 5 million titles. Plus, you can choose from 5 rental periods, so you only pay for what you’ll use. And if you ever run into trouble, our top-notch U.S. based Customer Service team is ready to help by email, chat or phone.
NDMA is an aliphatic nitrosamine that has been identified as a disinfection by-product during chloramination of drinking water. In the United States, it has been detected in water treatment plants using chloramine as a disA--infectant. NDMA has significant health concerns, as its 10-6 cancer-risk level was determined at a level of 0.7 ng/L. Although other...
NDMA is an aliphatic nitrosamine that has been identified as a disinfection by-product during chloramination of drinking water. In the United States, it has been detected in water treatment plants using chloramine as a disA--infectant. NDMA has significant health concerns, as its 10-6 cancer-risk level was determined at a level of 0.7 ng/L. Although other nitrosamines exhibit a similar toxicological profile, their relevance for drinking water disinfection with chloramine is unclear. The objectives of the project were to identify strategies that could be used by water utilities to minimize the formation of carcinogenic nitrosamines during disinfection of drinking water. Additionally, the relevance of other nitrosamines besides N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) for drinking water disinfection with chloramine was assessed. An extensive literature search was performed to collect information on mechanisms of nitrosamine formation, to identify or at least characterize possible precursors for nitrosamine formation, and to identify tools for removal of precursor compounds prior to disinfection. Finally, possibilities for nitrosamine removal were evaluated. Additional laboratory-scale experiments were performed in order to fill knowledge gaps identified during the literature survey. For this, tests for the determination of the nitrosamine formation potential (NFP) were performed. With these NFP tests, water samples could be characterized with regard to their potential to form nitrosamines. The conclusions from the literature survey and the laboratory-scale experiments were verified by full-scale tests in water utilities in the United States, Australia, and Germany.
Out of Stock
We're fresh out of that one today.
So sorry. Try back another time as our inventory fluctuates daily.
Since launching the first textbook rental site in 2006, BookRenter has never wavered from our mission to make education more affordable for all students. Every day, we focus on delivering students the best prices, the most flexible options, and the best service on earth. On March 13, 2012 BookRenter.com, Inc. formally changed its name to Rafter, Inc. We are still the same company and the same people, only our corporate name has changed.