We strive to deliver the best value to our customers and ensure complete satisfaction for all our textbook rentals.
You can return your online books for any reason within our refund period – no questions asked.
Every order is available for express shipping, and return shipping is always free.
You'll be happy with the quality of your books (or we'll ship you another one on our dime).
You can extend your rental at any time – at the same cheap daily rental rate.
If you decide to keep the book it will never cost more than the purchase price.
As always, you have access to over 5 million titles. Plus, you can choose from 5 rental periods, so you only pay for what you’ll use. And if you ever run into trouble, our top-notch U.S. based Customer Service team is ready to help by email, chat or phone.
* Free shipping excludes HI, AK and PR.
ProQuest, UMI Dissertation Publishing
Supplemental materials are not guaranteed for used textbooks or rentals (access codes, DVDs, workbooks).
Hierarchical constraints and the choices judges make: Judicial decision-making at the U.S. Courts of Appeals.
by:Maxwell H H Mak
The conventional wisdom is that judges at the U.S. Courts of Appeals are constrained decision-makers. Serving as the immediate subordinate to the U.S. Supreme Court, circuit court judges must adjudicate cases in a manner consistent with precedents and doctrines established by the justices. Thus, it is not surprising that previous research generally...
The conventional wisdom is that judges at the U.S. Courts of Appeals are constrained decision-makers. Serving as the immediate subordinate to the U.S. Supreme Court, circuit court judges must adjudicate cases in a manner consistent with precedents and doctrines established by the justices. Thus, it is not surprising that previous research generally concludes that circuit court judges comply. Although previous research has done much to enhance the understanding of lower court compliance with the Supreme Court, two often missing components are examinations of the conditions under which judges are indeed constrained and the manner in which such constraint should be evinced. I argue that compliance alone is insufficient to conclude that the Supreme Court, in setting doctrine and legal considerations, constrains the choices judges make. For hierarchical constraint to be present, lower court judges must adhere to the relevant legal considerations despite a preference for deciding a case in the opposite direction. Moreover, legal considerations must shift the overall behavior, but in doing so can also affect the role of ideology in the eventual vote choice. Previous examinations, empirically and sometimes theoretically, have ignored the possible interaction between legal doctrine and ideology. By accounting for hierarchical constraints and the mechanisms through which they affect judicial decision-making of abortion, free expression and religious free exercise cases at the U.S. Courts of Appeals, this dissertation seeks to clarify the role of ideology, legal considerations, and the impact on judicial behavior at the circuit courts.
Since launching the first textbook rental site in 2006, BookRenter has never wavered from our mission to make education more affordable for all students. Every day, we focus on delivering students the best prices, the most flexible options, and the best service on earth. On March 13, 2012 BookRenter.com, Inc. formally changed its name to Rafter, Inc. We are still the same company and the same people, only our corporate name has changed.